7 Typical Septic System Problems and How to Do It

Septic systems are crucial in many homes but can become a source of headaches if not properly maintained. Let’s look at seven common issues and how to fix them to keep your septic system problem-free.

Septic System

1. Ground Movement

The ground can damage your septic system when it moves due to soil shifting and earthquakes. If the earth moves, it can make septic system pipes turn or break. This can cause leaks and contamination. Regularly inspect your septic system for signs of damage, like exposed pipes or depressions in the ground. If damage is found, consult a qualified septic system service provider. They can assess the damage and recommend necessary repairs, such as replacing or installing pipes.

2. Damage from Tree or Plant Roots

The relentless growth of tree and plant roots can be a persistent threat to your septic system. Roots can infiltrate septic tank walls and pipes, leading to blockages and damage. To prevent this problem, carefully plan your landscaping. If trees or shrubs are nearby, you can remove them or install root barriers. Root barriers are underground barriers that stop roots from entering the septic system.

3. Collapsed Baffle

Within your septic tank, there is a crucial component called a baffle. The baffle separates solid waste and liquids to ensure that only treated effluent leaves the tank. When the baffle breaks, solid objects can enter the drain field, which may cause clogs and system problems. If you suspect a baffle issue, it’s essential to consult a septic system service professional. Depending on the damage, the experts will check the baffle’s condition and suggest replacing it or the whole septic tank.

4. Lack of Maintenance

Regular maintenance is the cornerstone of a trouble-free septic system. Solid waste can build up if you don’t pump and inspect the septic tank regularly (usually every 3-5 years). This can cause clogs and make the tank work less effectively. This lack of maintenance can result in costly repairs down the road. To avoid this, have a professional check and clean your septic tank regularly. Regular maintenance on your septic system helps it last longer and run smoothly.

5. Clogs

Clogs can happen in different places in your septic system, like the pipes going to and from the septic tank and the drain field. When you have clogs, getting help from a septic system professional is important. After evaluating the clog, they suggest solutions like cleaning or replacing pipes. In serious cases, they might recommend installing a new drain field.

6. Overuse of Water

Excessive water usage can affect your septic system, leading to failure. To avoid this, practice water conservation within your household. Fix plumbing leaks quickly, use water-saving fixtures, and do laundry on different days. These measures will help your septic system cope with the water load more effectively and prevent premature wear and tear.

7. Improper Installation

If your septic system is not installed correctly, it may not function as intended. Improper installation signs include poor drainage, persistent odors, and frequent backups. To address this problem, consult a professional septic system service provider. The installation will be assessed to see if it needs corrections or repairs for efficiency.


To keep your septic system running smoothly and avoid expensive repairs, learn about common problems and take preventive measures. Regularly inspect, maintain, and get professional help to keep your septic system trouble-free.